Engaging with Creative Geovisualization: Imagining Creativity in Mapping and GIS, Dr. Jin-Kyu Jung

Chat box will be disabled after speaker,'s. Presentation is done. We will open up the chat box, so you can write in your question or you can raise your hand. My name is Hyokyoung Yi, Head of Public Services and Korean Studies, Librarian at Tateuchi, East Asia, Library at the University of Washington Seattle. I'm a member of a planning group of Tateuchi Digital Scholarship for East Asian Studies series and organize this event with my colleagues. Ian Chapman Azusa, Tanaka and Zhijia Shen at Tateuchi, East Asia Library. This series is sponsored by the Tateuchi Foundation. Through this program we aim to raise awareness of digital scholarship and its method among the scholars in East Asian Studies. We plan to host three speakers, events and three hands on workshops during the academic year Today.'s talk is our third and last speakers program this year. Let me introduce today's, speaker Doctor Jin Kyu Jung. Dr Jung is an Associate Professor in the School of Interdisciplinary Arts and Science at the University of Washington Bothell And an Adjunct Associate Professor at the Department of Geography at the University of Washington Seattle. He received a Ph D in Geography and an MUP in Urban Planning, from State University of New York at Buffalo and a BA in Urban Engineering in Busan, National University in South Korea. He's an urban geographer and planner, whose interdisciplinary research program contributes to critical qualitative and creative possibilities of GIS and geographic visualization in understanding, socio, spatial processes and politics of urban space. In an engaging way Today, Dr Jin Kyu Jung will discuss his own and his students'work with the creative geo visualization, which is different from traditional science, based approaches to GIS and mapping. By adopting artistic and humanistic approaches to accentuate perceptual and creative representation. We are very pleased to have Dr Jin Kyu Jung to speak for us. Please join me in welcoming Dr Jin Kyu Jung. Thank you. Thank you Hyokyoung for the great introduction, and also here at Tateuchi, East Asia, Library, for inviting me ah to this event and also giving me an opportunity to really discuss about the topic. I'm really interested in Digital Scholarship. I guess, in my case more from the perspective of a geographer or maybe planner, Okay. I hope all of you are aware. I plan to give a talk from my home, but I'm in my office very happy to be here: um it's, always unexpected things happening. I have three girls, but right now I have four girls in my house um. I have girls from the 9 years old to 15, but yesterday, yesterday, at 2, 30 am one of the my youngest daughters,'friend's, mom called us and then saying that she's delivering a new baby, so she dropped her. You know a daughter at our place, so I have right now, four girls. I stayed uh in the uh in my office in the basement. It was a little bit hard, so I thought you know just it's better. To give a talk here. Thankfully, the baby was born yesterday afternoon healthy, so we're very happy. You know to help them out. They're from Indonesia, and I mean I very much I kind of see a similar kind of experience we had when we were living in other places. We didn't know many people, so Let me begin my presentation, So main thing is to I guess four things. As you can see here, I will first discuss how creative and critical engagement with mapping GIS and geo visualization is situated. The convergence of geography, arts and digital humanity Number two in this intersection or integration, how they suggest a new alternative to traditional approach to GIS, mapping, more so in science rooted approaches and pointing toward qualitative, effective and creative mapping and geo visualization, And I'd like To show examples from my students Again, this is from a class called Creative Geo visualization, which I created in, I believe spring 2016 and taught twice in IAS at the UW Bothell, And the last point is that I have to be honest, ah that ah, this is Kind of the new thinking By preparing this talk, I hope that I also present some evidences of how transnational perspectives can deeply inform and also imagine and re imagine the creativity of GIS. So I'm looking at new here I have some script. Of course, I opened the presentation slide in another slide. Ah another screen, so please understand, if I kind of see between between two screens. Okay, I loosely organized this talk start to share some of my encountering experience with people and places in Buffalo New York, which I consider as my hometown city. In the U S, There are a few moments that I know that I won't forget because it completely changed my perspective of mapping and GIS and and then also urban, urban, urban geography and planning I mean they are so I really want to share that. After that, I want to talk about yes, certainly Creative Geo visualization, how we conceptualize it and then how we teach Creative Geo, visualization pedagogy and then again discussing some transnational perspectives. Gunnar Olsson invites us to join his journey into the land of thought and action. The unknown territory in which the geography of the future, the future of geography – and I will also include mapping here, will be written The journey to the land of thought and action. Epitomizes Olsson's critique of cartographic reasoning, in particular its grounding in geometric modes of representation. The challenge is as um. It is stated, ah here in the court, that we must find out ways relying on maps of invisible themselves, invisible and therefore requiring us to think beyond usual limitation of representation, including visual image representation. So for Olsson the process starts with a departure from geometric forms of rhetoric that privileged demonstration and representation in favor of those tear waiting to be invented, created and imagined. I take Olsson's invitation seriously, So this is Buffalo New York. I don't know why, but maybe it's the first city. I lived in the? U S I'm now living in Seattle for more than 10 years, but still I feel you know Buffalo is like my real hometown. I love everything about Buffalo. Some of my friends kind of call me crazy about Buffalo. I love Buffalo beers. I love chicken wings. I hate people called chicken wings, buffalo wing chicken wings and also eating wings without bones. Here again, as I mentioned previously, there are some experience that still in my mind, and it is it's a 2001 and then some are 2002 or so so you're looking at the map showing accessibility to big grocery stores. So the you know the top peak and the no peak areas without any peak I mean basically showing that the location of supermarkets and big grocery stores in Buffalo Eastside Buffalo, Eastside um, you know Buffalo is considered as one of the most segregated city in the. U S, I believe it's a fifth when I checked that last time, So Buffalo Eastside, a black neighborhood, as you can see, has no grocery store, no big grocery stores. If I plug other data like median income, medium income is very similar, but you know crime will be completely opposite, So you know I went there as a you know, start graduate study. As a graduate student. I often hear that you know even orientation for the international students that don't even consider going there particularly signs. I mean people are saying shooting capital of the city, but I ended up studying and working with community various communities in the inner city neighborhood, including Buffalo Eastside Madison district, including lower Westside, poor, but very vibrant Hispanic, diverse communities – and I saw a lot that I really Couldn't or didn't see in maps. I worked as a research assistant um in the regional institute as GIS kind of expert. I created a lot of maps and joined various community based planning processes, including mass disenabled plan, So the this encounter with this eight year old boy yeah. This is the time that I just finished a crime hospital analysis and then I was actually having that document and report ready and heading to the planning meeting, which is in the um in the in the Madison district area and Buffalo Eastside. But I saw this boy and I remember that the street intersection that he was standing just on top of that my crime hospital. So I recognized that so I had to stop and then you know walked to him and asked him. I didn't tell that you are in the crime hospital right now, but I just said that you know why don't you play other places. I mean yeah. I think I might just say playground or other areas to hang out, but he just looked at me and almost like left and then he said that this is this is the safest place in in in the hood in my neighborhood, and I couldn't respond To him I couldn't respond to him And I also couldn't say that he's wrong Other things, as you can see in the Buffalo Westside um, kids, playing basketball, making their own basket and then Buffalo Eastside community wow. Oh my god. They are really really serious um. You know they're participating at the community meeting every other week. I never really imagined that there will be local residents who really care, love and try to do anything possible to improve their neighborhood, and I didn't really have those get those things from what I have seen from the other forms of information. I also worked with my advisor um under the project called Children -‘s Urban Geography, My own project was meanings of community and then that project combining a child center research with qualitative GIS methodologies, and, as you can see here, that this is one example of a Kind of GPS activity gave that the keys to explore and then collecting the GPS, waypoint taking community photos and then also write about it. But the reason why I'm actually sharing this is that the event happened before I actually could do this activity with the children in in in the research project um. As you can see, I made this map. You see my name, but also it also tells that I didn't do enough research to be listed as a co author, I'm kind of joking, So this is the event that happened before this GPS activity. We actually I planned to do So. It was um September um, 30th, 2003, okay, 11 year old girl. Melinda again, all names are pseudonym. Just to protect your identity was shot, So it's. It's a while playing cards with her cousin on the sidewalk around Massachusetts Avenue. This is a Massachusetts Avenue right here, Your home in the Westside neighborhood, okay, The bullet tore through her right shoulder, but thankfully she survived following surgery to close the wound. Nonetheless, she experienced ongoing suffering due to the resulting pain and stress. She also was afraid to go out to go out. I heard this story from Johanna who also lived in the lower Westside, not that far from where the shooting occurred as part of again my research, I planed all these activities, but the activity was, you know, postponed. Yes, I was not happy, but you know um. It actually gave us opportunity to actually talk about this. In the event, I noticed that you know the participating. Children were also very frightened. Understandably, didn't want to go outside of the club. What we call club is boys and girls club providing after school program Um, so we stayed in the club and came up with improvised project printed Google Map. So this is the year that Google just launched Google Maps, so it is, it is one of the innovative technologies, but we didn't have know laptop computer. So I kind of printed out Google Maps showing the inner city neighborhood in Buffalo and asked them to mark and talk about the smallest and least favorite places to hang out. Mimi said that she rarely went out to play around her home neighborhood because she had opened her scary stories of crime and dangerous people. Also. She said that she had even heard the shooting, while she was lying on her bed. Her favorite place certainly was the school club um. I guess there's two. I guess there's, two Jay was marking places on the map and showed me areas. He thought were not at all safe to walk around, even though there were some fun places to go. When I look at their maps and then all together collectively the dominantly marked on avoidable spaces on the map, clearly visualized their emotion, um, fear and fear of violence toward particular places in their community. One of the participating children started to place this. You know smiley sticker. The round stickers on the map She brought this as a kind of good behavior sticker for her little brother um. You know different smiley face stickers representing different. You know, meanings associated or even feelings to particular places preferred undesirable um. They created their own map symbols here. The sticker for representing their emotions and effects toward particular places in the city, So she shared her sticker and then everybody did what I call a smiley kind of um face: thicker mapping activities. Now I'm realizing that, yes, I had worked with super creative mappers and geographers This integration of unprecedented forms of data. In this case representation of children,'s, emotions and effects in space create a new form of urban geographic visualization. I even call it Effective Geo visualization, One related, but not limited by other innovative and traditional approaches to data and visualization. Another thing that now I'm, actually thinking related to urban geography and planning. Emotion, emotion is not separated from reality and it's. Actually, very much influenced by social, economic, environmental, political, those aspects of everyday life. Two of my kids go to the elementary school, so I'm super excited that this week they just started an in person meeting on Monday. So I had to make sure that I did um. Do the daily hair screening before 7 a m each day, But before COVID I bet you know the first thing. First thing they need to do when they you know got to school. Is that placing the sticker or post it to this Mood Meter? This is um. Increasingly, being you know, adopted heavily adopted in K 12 schools in the? U S as well as in Canada, so the photo took it from the school. As you can see, energy level feelings, pleasant, unpleasant Mood meter is projecting students,'emotion in classes throughout the day. So they can actually move and then switch to other called around and then place their emotional mark, And I think this is also another good example of effective geo visualization, However, providing a little um, limited and metricized way of representing children.'s emotion! So, rather than like I mean this is limited space and thinking that maybe we embrace our critical interpretation of the relationship between children,'s, space and emotion and um, and draw more qualitative and effective maps in respect to their embodied and experienced knowledge. So I got thinking Mood Meter how about mood map okay, so these are all my earlier encounters with children and adults in Buffalo, and also here in Seattle, really made me rethink about the qualitative, the qualitative. I would call, including perception experience feeling emotion, affect attachment. Also, emotional, geography and really I'm interested in representation of it or visualization of it, okay, which are closely related to the qualitative and effective GIS and geo visualization ideas. So let's move um to talk more about um, creative geo, visualization and teaching teaching creative geo visualization. So you're seeing the quotes from my students to this class and what I'm kind of getting from um. This quote – and I mean this is from the student's geo visualization – is that they realize the prevalence of maps in their lives and how easily they can create maps even without strong technical GIS skills. It is also noticeable compared to some of the comments and then remarks from particularly from other GIS classes. I teach intro GIS, I teach geographic visualization and intermediate level GIS as well. They're also mentioning key concepts of the class that including deep mapping, emotional mapping, spatial narratives, The students who wrote the second quote. I was so curious that who she might be It's an honest one. But I was so curious that the look at that sharing her personal experience of being quite emotional in the process of creating her map. And then I particularly guessed that the kind of the emotional mapping she was actually referring and then I'm pretty sure again. This is my guess. What she was mentioning is stood at his tender map who that the created actually co created this um. This map, this visualization, with his research participants in the book, says Rex as part of his ethnography research, So Rex searched this actual visualization shows that the participant searched for a place where his father lives, okay And then how that is actually echoed and then how it Is formed in the map, So his stories dialogues kind of partitions and then also you see the arrow moving to different places, his connection with his songs, So by bringing attention attention attention to this kind of map. In this case, tender map, my students, my students, also seem to experience the effective capacity of maps, not only in terms of the meanings that we often ascribe to map. I would call it representational emotional effect, but also as they affect us effective map. So I do believe emotional mapping like tender maps, certainly demonstrate this expanded, expanded or extended creative engagement of GIS mapping geo visualization that may present alternative kind of move beyond traditional cartography vision. In favor of non cartersian, non euclidean, non reductionist way of mapping Okay And then this is also the visual representation of the creative forms of data analysis practice and even thinking with spatial data. So geographic visualization that preserves, represents and generate more neons, more contextual, more contingent. Meanings of space and people by talking more by taking more artistic humanistic approaches. Okay, So let me also briefly briefly share some of the key groundings epistemological and methodological groundings of creative geo visualization, which you may consider as a review. So I will make it a brief, but everybody conceptualized I mean you would probably conceptualize creative geo visualization, maybe differently. So these are um four that I consider as kind of the theoretical foundation of creative geo visualization. I list as a politics of um spatial representation, spaces of representation, non representational theories, and I also want to include critical GIS and then related to the maybe emotional geography, effective geography. I want to include um psychogeography psychogeography, So the first one is the politics of spatial representation. I mean this is this is probably more, I think you all know it's well known theory by Henri Lefebvre Production of Space. I found it always going. You know whenever I think about either qualitative or effective creative. I always go back to here, because certainly it is a question about representation and space, So he provides a very useful kind of framework, as you probably all know that there are three different spaces representations of space, The space of rationality, logics spaces of representation or representation Of space, the live spaces of everyday life and its um its inhabitants and then spatial practice, the practice of discipline meanings of space, as well as the practice that is negotiated. I was considered between the two okay, So I found it really helpful that the conceptualization of space, particularly as live spaces of everyday life, really empower really empower people who reside and live in those areas in their spaces and also invoke a need to engage with the Creative and imagine imagine or imaginative potential people and space Next is a Non Representational Theory, someone calling more than textual more than human, more um, multi, sensual or multi representation. I believe those are the data theories, have kind of become an overarching kind of term. A diverse range of the creative geographic work so in particular related to mapping and geo visualization. It shows how the historical division between emphasis and the critical approaches in mapping called critical photographers has shifted to post presentation perspective on mapping, okay And it provides a new perspective to maps and mapping and also a new way to theorize or re theorize maps and mapping. So those theories I mean, I kind of called it as Non Representational Theories, keenly point out and almost critique and criticize the limitations of representation. However, I also think such theories also note that we did not preclude our attention to representation. We can critique it. In fact, it's opposite not a dismissal of representation, but instead attending to its emergence, becoming process performance so actually allowing and also allow us to embrace multiple possibilities of representation. So related discussion is that the map become more entertaining more becoming an antique or just being or processor or expressive. Those are, I guess, is also we can relate to the Non Representational Theories. Yeah critical GIS geo visualization. I really want to situate creative geo visualization. Also in here larger context of critical GIS scholarship that has revolved around epistemology ontology methodology of GIS and its social and societal impact, and implication, I believe it's already since the early 90s, so it's been a two decades. It teaches us that how mapping has long been critical to understanding the the spatial dimension of social relations and problems, but it also offers a unique opportunity of continuing critically flexible, deeply attuned to the broader social and political processes. The structure, areas of issues being studied. So from the critical GIS perspective, GIS is not or cannot be, really separated, separated from the social, political, economic and culture kind of dimension or conditions. What we often consider as a systematic structural issues with which it exists or is situated Yeah. I'm also showing that another well known image of the naked city map by guiding board and as to get adjourned. This is such an iconic premonition of how critical GIS can be enriched through creative mapping. So I want to associate this to particularly to a psychology by the way. This is the term that the board made and referred with this naked city map. This is, as you can see, uh like almost 20 different sections of the map of Paris are fragmented, but also connected connected by red arrows and aimed to map urban space, as it is more performed and experienced, rather than conventional, cartographic vision and method. So the outcome is psychogeographic experience of the space urban space thinking about the space as more senseless senseless rather than that is really performed and imagined. So those are, I consider as epistemologically, also maybe a methodological kind of the foundation of creative geo visualization. Let's move to see some examples and of engagement with the creative GIS from my students, okay, So I, as I mentioned, I added this class to the kind of the sequence of the GIS class. I'm teaching uh in the interdisciplinary arts and science Bothell, which I also consider as a sequence of critical GIS. So it's a 200 level power map. Then traditional GIS and geographic visualization community, based course mapping communities and then I'm adding this in that sequence, first thought 2016 and then so far only twice okay. So the goal is certainly introducing creative geo, visualization, okay and explore teach and learn with my students. Uh innovative ways to embody, imagine produce tremendously qualitative artistic visual experiential kind of map, and I had so far 60 students from two classes and then it's uh. It is a quite quite diverse group of students by their major, also somehow yeah. I I'm always getting a lot of students from East Asia. It's over. I think almost 60 percent of my students are In this class. Students also learn hands on skills while making their own creative geo visualization. Okay, So you see the classroom, I mean it can be considered as a typical computer lab. It has a computer keyboard, but I didn't like this classroom because it has like a docking system. So you know the monitor can be pop up and I kind of push down. So when we do more creative activity that students really need to move non digital artwork, for example, they just push it back under the you know. Doc I mean this is this is great, and this also is the lab that has all the programs we need. We didn't use all of this, but certainly this class can be considered GIS GIS lab. Okay, I prepared and made six what I call creative geo visualization practices. This is kind of the lab and then you can see all different activities and then practices. We had remapping campus space, hybrid mapping, integrating the past and present where the students draw that where they walk between campus and downtown Bothell, and then we digitize it together, showing those paths they went some activities with GPS, It's not included here in the list. Super excited to test the drone. At that time it was quite an early adopter to me and words map and then story map. I believe that is also covered as part of the workshop offered by TA last month and then, after doing these practices, students also had to do a final project, so they picked a topic and chose any methods they want to use. Then they make it and then they reflect it. So those are the key assignments in this class. So let me show you, let me show you some examples of students,'works from these practices and then in particular I'd like to talk more in details about three examples from that. Their final project work that I believe that these are the demonstration of multiple or you know, various modes and also moments of engagement with creative geo visualization. So this is a you know where students go so they say they draw just on the paper map and we digitize it. We put them together. Creating this drawing drawing Yeah, I mean GPS, drawing art. I will use handheld GPS, I mean at that time. It was not an app really handy GPS unit copy, and then you know, I think the image at the bottom thumbs up thumbs up. They said they were doing well, they were doing well in this assignment, also very positive feelings toward toward this area. This is near the UW Bothell campus. This simple, like four rectangular thing, I had no idea – and I thought this student didn't want to walk and just probably drive it and then why I just turned on the GPS unit that's, what I guess, but it was actually interesting to hear The comments came with this image was that this is a Chinese character and in Korean we call it Jung, but if he said Chinese character, it pronounces like ti n meaning of field, so it's a symbol to show Asian people's, culture and intelligence. I thought the interpretation is better than your actual work, but the points are well taken. Points are well taken: okay, Lantern map, the students wanted to create 10 lanterns representing the places you should live for travel, So her original idea was maybe like uh one in the black one like this or paint it in black and then poke it as some way To show the outline of the map on the lantern, but she said she couldn't do it. It was challenging then realized that creating art is painful. This is a quote from her, but she also shared that the project changed her idea about maps and then how she thinks maps that she shared. That maps are personal, emotional and historical. Some drone, It's, not quite art yet, but I saw really interesting, and so it's our experiment. The drone we use is not that good. It doesn't really even record the GPS point. So what I did was like heavy it's. A kind of big handheld GPS – I just attached it and duct taped it, and then we flew – and we got x, y and z of this and then change the symbol to more balloon. So again, this was actually one experiment we had. So here are the three cases I discussed more in depth. So I just realized that I have a creative geo, visualization folder and then this was the original kind of painting drawing. So the two drawings depict that the radically increasing housing prices of the heated housing market, as you can see, top San Francisco and Seattle students. A Chinese immigrant that lived in Seattle about four years by that time wanted to know why there was a difference. I mean between two and then. Why also how the market is so hot. She might be shocked to see these. Actually She wanted to approach. This question. Also, by considering the relationship between housing market price and also influence a perspective of Chinese immigrants as a way to directly confront what might be considered as unprecedented stereotype, Asians are to bring for higher housing prices. She also pointed out areas of the pub see the frames markets are particularly Seattle areas, favorite kind of choices. Those are the favorite choices for Chinese immigrants to Seattle, okay, including Bellevue, Kirkland and Redmond – How she found out. She actually did. You know a survey Survey that her friends, families, Chinese immigrant families. She knew to ask about the location of their houses, housing price, their preferred choices, um locations, you know, and the reason for buying for living in those areas, And she also compared, but at that time compared to San Francisco, there was a fire, as you can see, In Seattle, San Francisco really feeling it I mean this is way bigger fire in San Francisco here. So I found that this is really an interesting example that I mean there is no monetary value attached, but very expressive frames imbued mapping with meanings just beyond traditional number or cartography practices. Wine maps with word map, so you see the wine bottle and the wine brewed wine, so the words map part. I mean you all know that you know frequently kind of mentioned. Word looks bigger, so I mean part of the word map activity or world clouds. I found an interesting approach for creativity, geo visualization, so uh not just for this final project, but as part of the one small class kind of in class activity. I ask each student to create uh, create it to visually as a visual kind of rendering of either ideas or thoughts about particular subjects. The students create this artistic representation of her movement throughout the? U S: branding arts making and textual analysis. The six bottles of wine represent the places she lived and the words map here tells the characteristics of each place. Let me add a little bit uh more information. She is one of the non traditional mature students. She shared with me that she wanted to restart or resetting her life with her two children and then again that actually also allows her to move different places in her adult life. So this is the map. This is the map of wine buttles, three dimensional map. As a role of word, map is kind of the inserted here to each buttle. The student's words map also features notes regarding the style, aroma taste of each flavor of wine. She made she brewed cranberry raspberry, perfect balance of a light sweetness that's. What she said, tart refreshing cranberry. I was fortunate to taste it. She shared this toward the end of the final presentation day, The use of her term sensory really stood out in her class presentation. So this is a direct quote: picking the fruit cleaning and preparing the native produce created an intimate sensory connection with my environment. Also, the wine map shows the places she longs to make her home. It also represents the spaces of her constant struggle to do that with some loneliness and crisis, where she felt again a war and limited connection to any particular places that might be on. She was also very kind. Oh, my god. She baked this map cake and then shared that with other students in class on the final presentation day. The last example I want to share is this two Chinatowns, The emotional mapping of two Chinatowns. You see that Seattle Chinatown in Seattle, Chinatown in Ho Chi Minh city and then some artifacts and photos related to different places in each city, but we also see this kind of bar showing different levels. When I look at that, I was just fascinated by this map. When I look at that, He employed three key concepts: emotional mapping, digital deep mapping and psychogeography to structure this project. He was particularly interested in integrating numerous different types and forms of data. You see quantitative, you see the travel time distance and some demographics, so this is kind of the population. There is a qualitative data emotion. So this is again the emotion level, emotion, level highly attached low, and I see the photos, photography, pictures of a street restaurants stores – and there is also cartographic there – is a location, shape size of the city map of the city and street. He came up with this innovative techniques of also intentionally intentionally placing what he calls emotional bars One happiness level on the map as a expressive index of how much he liked each place. In his presentation, he shared with the class that the project gave him an opportunity to see and think about his hometown and its actual relationship with Chinatown in Seattle, where he lived at that time. You know entirely new way and also I asked what this question mark means. There are some empty places and there are some places also showing the photos. I asked that to him and then he actually responded that the empty space. Well again, he put the question mark it.'s, Seattle Chinatown. That area is that it doesn't he has very limited knowledge or understanding about these places. So in comparison I don't see we don't see no question mark in his own hometown, Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam. Again at the beginning, this translational perspective. I believe some of my students'examples demonstrate, but but again it was a really good opportunity to think about planetary, urbanism, transnational perspective. This is more than I thought in my interest in urban geography and planning part, but I really also can kind of see that how it can be actually linked to this discussion of the creative geo visualization. Now that much of the you know discussion, the globalization and world cities are kind of dominated by the first world perspective and it's really really important that we actually, including this transnational perspective. Beyond the you know, some of the values and some of the theories created based on only Western countries, The question I kind of will pursue and hope to answer is in what way? In what way does this translational perspective? Allow us to examine the ways in which the understanding meanings feelings of places are uniquely embedded and represented in creative geo visualization. Now I also have to share this because I don't know Dr Zhao is here today, but I found that in his talk I found that this is. This is an excellent example. This is a really good response to this question by taking one transnational perspective more seriously and critically Number two come up with its own critical and creative map and representation of particular phenomena, in this case urban issues, in this case in China. So I too am very interested in I'm very interested in further studying how these transnational perspectives, for example, if our old way of thinking about the world perspective is the world, they are cakes kind of the view. Third kind of countries are supporting the first world Now that each any place any city in the world are important. We may want to rethink about. You, know urban theory from these all different perspectives. They are very much connected Altogether. A bunch of you know this cupcake is a cupcake cake, but each one is also a cake. So I mean that that that I'm interested in again. This transnational perspective deeply inform how this deeply inform different modes of creative engagement with mapping GIS and geo visualization as well So yeah. Let me close So in. In summary, what I want to really discuss and also show is that this various various new forms of mapping and geo visualizations not only describe or display or to pick spaces, but also even to imagine and produce qualitative humanistic, artistic experiential, visual representation. I believe that it also has uh. You know it has a potential in the just first introducing this, but also allowing our students and also us scholars to incorporate and review open intangible non representational kind of data. Along with again, this is the. I think it is important to always think critical part with the creative part, so critical, creative geo visualization, So, along with social culture and effective relations that may constitute the meanings of space closer to how people see, experience interpret, feel and imagine One thing I wish. I also could show more. I didn't really show to you much, but the new possibility what would be new forms, new forms of creative geo visualization, particularly considering new digital data, new methods and new digital technology for analysis, representation of the special and even emotional complexity. I think it's important that we actually continue thinking. You know examining and asking these things and then kind of expect that there are new forms of this embodied experiential or creative imaginative kind of the forms of the creative geo visualization. We will continue to evolving and emerge And uh last. I strongly believe that it is really the time to engage with this creative potential in and also GIS mapping, whether it is we do digitally and also non digitally. Thank you. I would like to thank you all who came to just convene and to see my talk and also really special thanks to TEAL Tateuchi, East Asia, Library again to organize this digital scholarship series and workshop. I also want to acknowledge that my students again actually many of the examples I showed today I mean they gave me permission because I was actually writing a paper about this, so I'd like to acknowledge my students and also thank them, particularly Hai Prevot Autumn Hanyu, Hong and Leah Franklin to just kindly allow me to use their work as an example of various modes of engagement, creative engagement with GIS mapping. Thank you. Thank you very much, Dr Jin Kyu Jung for wonderful presentation enlightening us with the creative mapping. I didn't know maps can be that much creative, but it was interesting to see And now we would like to open the floor to all of you for questions. The chat is now enabled. So please write your question in the chatbox and we'd. Also like to send you a survey link about today,'s talk so please fill out the form and give us your feedback. While you are writing down your questions, let me first send out the survey link and also I'd like to take an opportunity to have your attention to two. You know upcoming workshops, so Dr Jung actually will give us uh hands on workshop next month. May 4th Tuesday May 4th at 4, 00 p m It's going to be about Atlas ti. I don't know whether that's, the right way to call it but Atlas ti, is a tool. It is a tool for qualitative data analysis, so he will give us some hands on workshops If there's, anybody who is you know interested in and I just sent out in the chatbox, the the registration page. For that There is that announcement upcoming workshop and another workshop is in a couple of weeks later in April. This is going to be a research data management planning workshop. So anybody who is interested you know please uh register for that workshop. So I think I will ask my colleague Ian Chapman, you know to lead the Q A session. So hopefully you have some questions you know to raise to Dr Jin Kyu Jung Ian. Can you take it from here? Also Hyokyoung. Let me also just say one thing about the workshop. I know that the UW offers that the various workshops about Atlas ti and then quality data analysis software, but the one area we focused on is about the geo documentation. Then some possibility that somehow linking to the location, I mean it's very simple limited, but that will be the focus yeah. Thank you, Okay, um. So we have two questions in the chat. I'll go ahead and ask those um. You're also welcome to use the raise hand icon in the under participants to um. Have the opportunity to ask your question um using your microphone as well, and also I make an apology in advance for any names that I mispronounce. So the first question is from Marty Varela: Have you experienced any resistance to emotionally expressive, cartography from your professional community? Yeah um? Yes, I have. There are some information. Sometimes you know I'll just take the two examples. One is that I don't know it can be considered as kind of the emotionally expressed, but the in a way that even very much quantitative map can also affect people's feelings right That's also not another way. To think about this say, for example, presenting the outcome of the crime map to the community. Some some communities want to oh yeah. We know what the problem is, that's actually responded, make it safer, but some communities'response – is that no you shouldn't publish that information. We already have bad already have a lot of bad images to even make our community worse. So again that's one but the the other one is that working with children. You know it was really that very much qualitative research. It was like three year work, but I don't think I can actually do it again. Those kind of process, because the first year was just building the um building kind of the relationship with the children that we have to work with, which means that we, I didn't ask any questions about the process. So we were quite intimate and we were closed and then you actually open up and then those are certainly that some are I even when I first heard or first saw because some of the community photos I mean ha ha ha it's too personal um. They they they, you know, brought to me so I I yeah so yes, I have a several several experiences from myself. That decided not even to make it public or use it as a kind of my research part, but also the case that they are a little bit resist to share with anyone else right. Yeah A question from Julie, Coryell, The New York Times about last September, published a remarkable map combining yeah. I just truly I just maybe when I see it I may remember, but I I don't think yeah I would love to. I would love to somehow see this map or I will try, but if you can share that'd, be great too. I apologize that I I failed to record it and it's one of those data points in my life during a pandemic that I constantly think about it. It's been like your talk. Dr Jung is just eye opening heart opening and um. Somehow we'll have to maybe communicate with each other to locate the reference, but that was my first experience of what you're, probing toward working and making more commonly appreciated very stimulating talk. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you, Julie Yeah. I will be part of that. You know haha, you know just to find this map. Luke is sharing. Oh thank you yeah looks like I think I don't think I can click so maybe I can just copy and paste it. It may work. Oh, thank you, Dr Bergman. Yes, I get the link. Yes, okay, Okay, um, should we go into the next question, or would you like to say anything more about that? I'll go to the next question. Okay, our next question is from Hanbyeol Koo. I'm speaking from ignorance, but are there any creative ideas to map the ocean um such as the Pacific ocean also, are there any tips to incorporate the discipline of history with GIS tools? Um? Can you yeah hahaha um? Is it like the whole ocean, or is it some perception of that Pacific yeah I mean yeah. I saw the map like completely showing opposite of land and water body in the world that, in a way that makes the more water body way more visible like if you stand out the way the land is kind of as kind of background part. But I'm really interested in hearing that kind of. Why interesting that perspective, yeah um, if I can get some a little bit more information or or about the question, this is actually very interesting. Okay, Hanbyeol just added an extra comment. I was thinking of major port cities around the Pacific Ocean, such as Shanghai, Incheon or Yokohama. In my hometown, city, Busan, their motto of the city is that the the capital of the port cities in the world. So I think that somehow that the they've either been creating that the even remaking of the image of the city, not necessarily just a number of people living there or size of the economy, but somehow that how their influences to leading the particular conversation around. That I think that you know so the data part um. What makes that city, what what um? What really constitutes that the the city?'s importance or identity? I I I would approach that first and then thinking about somehow making them more and more visible. It could be again. I wouldn't go like really hierarchical approach, but you know. Maybe there are cities that um have a similar uh kind of either character or interests are somewhat more in a way more linked That's, something I can kind of think too Um, but, but also I I'm, also very interested in that you say For example, taking some big data part and what would be some of the collective thinking about that city,'s kind of image, identity and how? How does that could be really uh visualize represented part. So the not only that we are thinking that, how make how can we actually make those cities more visible, but how that again, the citizens? Actually, you know thinking about that are and how we can actually show that as a part of that, the ways that that that city is more noticeable, I'm kind of the mumbling, but the I'm thinking this. You know the way that we use different attribute or data for different visualization. Like you know certain I would just take the category like. I think there are ways that even qualitative kind of um kind of geo, visualization approach that are showing different forms of ideal, different forms of data, and then thinking that you know with list of visualization or representation aspects, Um yeah hahaha. I know that I don't think I can really answer where to your question, but it's a really interesting question. Okay. The next question is professor Bo Zhao, whom you just cited in your talk. Thanks for your enlightening presentation, I appreciate your theoretical framing of the creative geo visualization you have established In recent years. I noticed the rise of using AI in multiple disciplines, for example using AI to create arts. I also heard of the term artificial intelligence arts like creating a painting in the style of Monet or Van Gogh. My question is 39. How would you envision the use of AI in creating map arts and its implications? 39. Thank you so much for considering it yeah. Dr Zhao, you are leading this field, Yes, absolutely, and I it's really interesting that I was looking at again. This is a little bit different topic, but I recently saw you know called composite narratives in a way that qualitative researchers are picking kind of the different part of their qualitative data and putting kind of making mosaic of it. So it's almost like first. I thought this is a kind of manipulation of data, but in a way that when they actually composite these different parts of qualitative data and then creating stronger relatives, and then I think it might be actually a better way to actually show the outcomes of the qualitative Analysis part, You know I'm also thinking that the idea of the say, for example, someone who are questioning about there – are a lot of gofundme signs and working with Nora Kenworthy in the School of Nursing and Health Studies that we don't want to Really exactly show that real data real face, weird picture, but somehow that the making of again composite those different images and early slightly modify it. And then you know presenting it better, representing the real data from gofundme. So to me it is, it will be much much harder, much much harder, really depressing, what's actually real part and the fake part, and then what is actually better the visualization representation of those data that those data could be textual. Data input composite narrative. It's a composite image case or composite certain geographic visualization part, or what would be something like using? You know advanced technology like AI, to creating you said R, but it could be also real data part. So with that part, I will probably follow your lead. Zhao, so I mean I'm really interested in actually that's, one of the reasons that that I actually also included as your work in Beijing and then cities in China as a kind of example, So yeah that that's I'm, not Really, but I look forward to following up Thank you, A question from loyola. Thank you so much for sharing this. I wonder what is the next step of the work? Have you thought about collaborating with college or built environments on place based projects? I am from the Landscape Architecture Department, and this really resonates with a lot of work that we've, been doing for landscape design and community design. It's really interesting to learn about how people can incorporate cultural perspectives through this mapping project and how this can guide urban design planning and the emotional qualities too. Yes, I'm very interested it's actually interesting two projects. I'm planning to do one with that again under um emotional geography, colleagues in the Temple University and some other universities, together that they are looking at, particularly at the the use of the qualitative geo visualization application in the more of the green kind of uh Green city and green infrastructure part that I think that are again. These discussions could be just too abstract or conceptual, but I'm also actually interested in that the more of the practical aspects as well, And for that reason that I also uh working with again. This is actually funded under Korea,'s kind of research foundation. This is Korea,'s. Conversions NSF is that they're. Looking at the really the community based participle planning process and use of this qualitative and creative geo visualization as um as as a method. So we will see how it actually goes, but again it sounds like that. The project you're actually mentioning that are yeah uh. There are some similarities. I'll be happy to share that. What is that? How we actually approach those both projects and then I would love to explore the opportunity to work with people and the research team in the school of built environment. Yes, for sure Next question from Tiernan. Thanks for your presentation, Your work that is, mapping people's – emotions is eye opening. I've always been interested in the inverse understanding. The ways that maps make us feel emotion. For instance, I see very different reactions in audiences when I show them a satellite image of their community versus when I show them a drone photograph. In what ways does your research explore the ways that maps make maps make us feel emotions if at all, Thanks Yeah? I mean that's exactly part of the point. I think that's an excellent point, that the goal of that the emotional mapping is not a map of emotion, but we have to understand how maps can also affect um. Changing our emotions too. Those both are really really important and then, in a way that I think all maps, are it's not just really re presentation of data of any kind of data, but once we actually map we are recreating a new space and new data. So it can be an emotion, it can be other um. You know types or forms of data as well. I think that's an excellent point, that you know that's exactly that you know what the map is, that the children's – children's, emotion, I mean it it, The the the goal: shouldn't be just again presenting that emotion or Some visualization of that, but how that how that is actually affecting them and also what are the things? What are related things related to that That's exactly the critical parts that are social, political and cultural aspects, It's an emotion. People often think that it's a separate from say, for example, reason or rational thinking, but is it really true? Some emotions are like that, but some emotions are even the fear right. The violence that's such a fact and knowing the facts actually influences us right And then also when I'm sad, I mean my wife also looks like she:'s, not happy, so I always affect others emotions. So again, there are many other things. Actually, we actually consider that and then the visualizing representing that you know making the emotion map you know those are the things that we all consider yeah. I think this is an excellent point and that's the that's kind of how I would approach in this effective geo, visualization and emotional mapping. Okay, would anybody else like to ask a question? Remember you can raise your hand and unmute yourself and speak on your microphone. Okay, can I just say one thing: Okay, oh the question is that um one type of the map I'm? Actually thinking is this is a collaboration with Ted Hebert. Who is my colleague I ask about his art, artists and art theories? It's also really interesting that what we consider as a mapping haunted data it's, like I first said h, a u n t haunted data. Is that kind of ghost map, and then I first thought: oh, it's a fun project, but but I think that there is also a lot of critical points later. So what we did is that before COVID we went to the Seattle underground ghost tour and then there is a tour that um that electrical and magnetic kind of spectrum. You actually measure that and then there is a high point. There will be more ghost presence, also kind of interesting artwork that are creating those maps of the haunted data, but another thing was actually really interesting that, in the conversation with him about that mapping haunted data is that it allows me to see a lot of the Surveillance cameras, the way that the surveillance cameras are in a way that we are actually haunted too So again, the work that just started as just fun artwork is actually a lot of critical implications for that, and I see that those potentials are also uh. The new kind of possibilities of the you know applying and implementing this creative, creative and critical geo visualization. I'll ask a quick question: if you don't mind, It seems that your work on and other people's work on creative geo visualization. In many important ways actually challenges the notion of many of the assumptions of conventional cartography and and and geographic visualization Um. Do you see a response to your challenges coming from that conventional, more scientifically oriented set of practices, How how people? How is creative geo visualization impacting conventional geo visualization? I think less So uh. I think that we are, I mean I wouldn't call it, but people here that, like Dr Burgland or you know, even the geography fear that you know before the even early 90s. There was a big divide between traditional geoscientists mapper versus uh, critical theorists, and then there is always any fear that there is a divide between Quan people and Qual people and then certainly even we talk about this digital scholarship, that the humanity perspective and the social science Perspective I mean I see that the discretion of the what I consider as critical mapping cartography and there has been there – has been those work. But I see much we all people in in in Within also geography who are also interested in this geo visualization. They are now embracing welcoming more diverse forms of this discussion and then you know even qualitative GIS one I mean it is that our spatial science perspective will be very different, but it's also equally important, Say, for example, when we say you know distance, when You say location how far this is not that far. This is near that's qualitative The different kinds of qualitative right. It's different than you know. I have you know emotional, but those are really important discussion and particularly working with not just discussing the concept, but also working with that. You know the possibilities in showing it and visualizing it and using computer technology, and then you know in this interface. I think that is more collaboration is really needed for understanding or those societies together will certainly help – Or in my case I kind of joke to my colleague, again Ted, Hebert or artist. The best way to do creative relationships working with artists – and you just do your work and you just collaborate. So again, there is a lot of possibilities and, in the geography field that again that the fact that we have flagship journals – even you know, geo humanities. A couple years ago, they actually and then also I I I see that the p is it. Is it's certainly kind of um? How do you call it? Not? The catalyzing was just kind of helping each other really That's all yeah, which I'm excited, and I also see the fact that some of the funding kind of um grant wouldn't probably even approve of those type of work. Now that kind of also yeah, even I was actually surprised that it was actually funded in the natural science foundation and also here and also in Korea as well, so that's actually another. You know positive progress in this conversation yeah. I have a question. Dr Jung, I know you collaborate with the artist. You know uh kind of art aspects. What other discipline you know this geo create. I mean the creativity of geo visualization can collaborate more in the future Yeah. So I'm in the interdisciplinary arts and sciences, and that actually also allows to do probably more collaborative work Say, for example, with Dr Lopez, who is an environmental science. Gis person is interested in climate change, environmental change and interest in hearing that more from the indigenous community in Ecuador I mean that's. Actually, we are working with that how the climate science discussed the climate change, environmental change, but one of the ways we incorporate locals and then working with Nora Kenworthy. She studies that we are seeing that even how much that health disparity is actually uh. You know very much closely related to the social, what I consider as a spatial disparity and then what are the ways that we can actually show not only those disparities in numbers – and you know visualization quantity, but also qualitative geo, visualization and then certainly we study Hebrew In the arts, but I also see my own original kind of interesting planning Yeah. I really hope that the planning field also incorporates more qualitative. The way I see this is also quite recent that we consider qualitative data and qualitative analysis as a legitimate, um training kind of analysis method, I think just 20 years lasting 20 years or so Somehow. The incorporating that qualitative geo visualization aspect will be wonderful but as a side note Hyokyoung, that a lot of so to speak, big data analysis and data visualization. So, for example, clouds I mean they're using it as a method, but they don't. I don't identify, I mean you see, those are qualitative, but they start already using it. But Again, I hope that it is also being more used in the decision policy making and planning those processes. I hope that the also my future kind of trajectory and interest as well Thank you Yeah. I think the time's almost up 5 32. So maybe we can close. Today,'s talk, and I'd like to give you know one more. Thank you to Dr Jung for today,'s, wonderful presentation Also feel free to reach out. Send me an email. I would love to continue having this conversation. Thank you. So much again, Thank you. Everyone for joining us today, Bye

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